Sleep

Sleep has always been an issue for me, but God’s Word gives promises regarding His children having restful sleep.

Psalm 3:5 says “I lay down and slept; I awoke, for the LORD sustained me.”

Psalm 4:8 says “I will both lie down in peace, and sleep; for You alone, O LORD, make me dwell in safety.”

Psalm 127:1-2 says “Unless the LORD builds the house, they labor in vain who build it; unless the LORD guards the city, the watchman stays awake in vain.
It is vain for you to rise up early, to sit up late, to eat the bread of sorrows; for so He gives His beloved sleep.”

If we are not sleeping because we are focused on anything going on in our lives, it reveals our vanity – our attempting to figure things out on our own, and not trusting int he Lord who would give us rest. Remember Matthew 6:26-32, which shows us that God provides for our needs, and we need not worry about our day to day (or anything else).

Proverbs 3:24 says that when we seek the wisdom of the Lord, “when you lie down, you will not be afraid; yes, you will lie down and your sleep will be sweet.”

Ecclesiastes 5:12 says “The sleep of a laboring man is sweet, whether he eats little or much; but the abundance of the rich will not permit him to sleep.”

Are we trying to make our own way? To gather riches? We need to be content with what we have, realizing that the more we have, the more we have to worry about.

It is interesting to note that when God made Eve, he put Adam to sleep. When God made the covenant with Abram, Abram was put in a deep sleep. We may be asleep, but God is awake, and is able to do needful things for us in our time of sleep (see Genesis 2:21 and 15:12).  God spoke to Jacob in his sleep (see Genesis 28:11-16). Daniel also often heard from the Lord while asleep.

Prosperity Part 4: New Testament Thoughts

In the last post, we looked at Jesus’ thoughts regarding material wealth. In this post, we will continue the theme by looking at other New Testament lessons on the subject of material riches and prosperity.

In the three previous posts looking at what the Bible says regarding prosperity, the overall consensus has been been that while God does state that He will always provide for His children, and while God does desire to bless us, His blessings are not always in the form of material riches as is often taught. His provision is for our daily need. His prosperity is more often in spiritual growth leading to the growth of His kingdom. In the New Testament, we will see that God is calling us to be Christlike, and being Christlike involves learning to develop simple peace regarding our circumstances (whether good or poor), and the giving of ourselves for others.

Philippians 4:12-13 says “I know how to be abased, and I know how to abound. Everywhere and in all things I have learned both to be full and to be hungry, both to abound and to suffer need. I can do all things through Christ who strengthens me.” Here, Paul discusses the heart we should hold no matter our situation. We are to be like Christ in that we are to be content, trusting in the strength given to us by God (see Philippians 4:11 and Hebrews 5:8).

As a church, it would appear that God may bless some in material means, and not others. However, the call of God is for a fairness, in that those who have extra would give supply to those who have little, so that everyone would be without need. Look at 2 Corinthians 8: 13-15

For it is not [intended] that other people be eased and relieved [of their responsibility] and you be burdened and suffer [unfairly], But to have equality [share and share alike], your surplus over necessity at the present time going to meet their want and to equalize the difference created by it, so that [at some other time] their surplus in turn may be given to supply your want. Thus there may be equality, As it is written, “He who gathered much had nothing over, and he who gathered little did not lack.” (Paul quotes from Exodus 16:18)

However, we must be careful not to go too far in this. Neither party should be burdened. Also, before providing for others, we must make sure we are providing for ourselves and our families (See 1 Timothy 5:8). Far too often we hear stories of families which suffer because they are giving away their money without providing for their own needs as well. Usually there are wrong motives somewhere, whether it be someone who gives in an effort to “buy” personal holiness (maybe even without conscious awareness of the reason) or someone giving because it has been heard that God will “pay back” in greater dollars than what has been “sown as a seed.”

Occasionally, I’ve heard people who believe that they should not have to work, but instead should just trust God and have faith so that their needs will be (magically) met and they can enjoy life in abundance. As a younger man, I knew people who believed that because the Bible says that “the sinner’s wealth is laid up for the righteous” (See Proverbs 13:22), that with faith, they could actually con sinners into giving them money, often through unscrupulous business schemes. However, none of these attitudes represent the Christlike nature we should attain to. 2 Thessalonians 3: 6-12 says

But we command you, brethren, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that you withdraw from every brother who walks disorderly and not according to the tradition which he received from us. For you yourselves know how you ought to follow us, for we were not disorderly among you; nor did we eat anyone’s bread free of charge, but worked with labor and toil night and day, that we might not be a burden to any of you, not because we do not have authority, but to make ourselves an example of how you should follow us.
For even when we were with you, we commanded you this: If anyone will not work, neither shall he eat. For we hear that there are some who walk among you in a disorderly manner, not working at all, but are busybodies. Now those who are such we command and exhort through our Lord Jesus Christ that they work in quietness and eat their own bread.

This is not to say that it is wrong to pay those who work full time in ministry, as everyone is worthy of their hire. Sin comes when someone wishes to live off of the gospel without truly working for that purpose (See 1 Timothy 5:17-18).

“God wants us to be rich so that others will see the blessings of God and get saved.”

There is a certain logic to the sentence above. The concept has been heard by many Christians and non-Christians alike. It appears to work for some. It doesn’t work for most others. In the Old Testament, it does appear that God often used material prosperity to show off His people. But what about now – is this still they way it works? If the physical symbols of the old often pointed to spiritual truths of the new, could it be that under the new and better covenant God wants to show off His people through their regenerated spirits, and Christlike attitude in all circumstances? What does the Bible really say?

In 1 Timothy 6, Paul writes to Timothy regarding attitudes. In the first two verses, Paul speaks about working with diligence for one’s boss, whether Christian or not. This alone shows that not every Christian can be the “boss.” Sometimes working for others will be the avenue through which God provides. Then 1 Timothy 6:5 says something very interesting. In speaking about people teaching false doctrines, Paul says, “people who are depraved in mind and deprived of the truth, imagining that godliness is a means of gain.” Despite the certain popularity of the idea, it is contrary to sound scripture to believe that godliness is a means of gain. True gain via godliness is stated in 1 Timothy 6:6-11.

Now godliness with contentment is great gain. For we brought nothing into this world, and it is certain we can carry nothing out. And having food and clothing, with these we shall be content. But those who desire to be rich fall into temptation and a snare, and into many foolish and harmful lusts which drown men in destruction and perdition. For the love of money is a root of all kinds of evil, for which some have strayed from the faith in their greediness, and pierced themselves through with many sorrows.

Prosperity in the earthly sense can be deceptive. If we do well materially, it is easy to feel that we are doing well spiritually. To the Church in Laodicea, Jesus said

I know your works, that you are neither cold nor hot. I could wish you were cold or hot. So then, because you are lukewarm, and neither cold nor hot, I will vomit you out of My mouth. Because you say, ‘I am rich, have become wealthy, and have need of nothing’—and do not know that you are wretched, miserable, poor, blind, and naked— I counsel you to buy from Me gold refined in the fire, that you may be rich; and white garments, that you may be clothed, that the shame of your nakedness may not be revealed; and anoint your eyes with eye salve, that you may see. As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten. Therefore be zealous and repent. (Revelation 3:15-19).

As we look around in our world, we see that there are both rich and poor, and everyone in between. It is the same in the church. This is why James says in chapter 1, verses 9-12 (Amplified)

Let the brother in humble circumstances glory in his elevation [as a Christian, called to the true riches and to be an heir of God], And the rich [person ought to glory] in being humbled [by being shown his human frailty], because like the flower of the grass he will pass away. For the sun comes up with a scorching heat and parches the grass; its flower falls off and its beauty fades away. Even so will the rich man wither and die in the midst of his pursuits. Blessed (happy, to be envied) is the man who is patient under trial and stands up under temptation, for when he has stood the test and been approved, he will receive [the victor’s] crown of life which God has promised to those who love Him.

And to those who are blessed with material wealth, there seems to be the stricter warnings, for it is far too easy to trust in those riches, and to trust in the future continuation of those riches. 1 Timothy 6:17-19 says

Command those who are rich in this present age not to be haughty, nor to trust in uncertain riches but in the living God, who gives us richly all things to enjoy. Let them do good, that they be rich in good works, ready to give, willing to share, storing up for themselves a good foundation for the time to come, that they may lay hold on eternal life.

Final thoughts.

Solomon was a wise man. As he observed in Ecclesiastes 5:10-15 ESV

He who loves money will not be satisfied with money, nor he who loves wealth with his income; this also is vanity. When goods increase, they increase who eat them, and what advantage has their owner but to see them with his eyes? Sweet is the sleep of a laborer, whether he eats little or much, but the full stomach of the rich will not let him sleep.

There is a grievous evil that I have seen under the sun: riches were kept by their owner to his hurt, and those riches were lost in a bad venture. And he is father of a son, but he has nothing in his hand. As he came from his mother’s womb he shall go again, naked as he came, and shall take nothing for his toil that he may carry away in his hand.

It takes a strong person to look into his heart and allow God to show him what is there. In western culture, it is far too easy to become deceived by goals which seem lofty and even altruistic. However, if not nestled in the goal of obtaining true self-sacrificing Christlikeness, our goals will often lead to our own folly and pain as we struggle to make God’s will (as we see it) come to pass in our lives.

Prosperity Part 3: The Blessing of Abraham and the Christlike View of Material Wealth

In this third portion in our study on Biblical Prosperity, I would like to look at Jesus’ thoughts on the subject. Today, there are many churches that put a heavy emphases on God’s desire that we be materially blessed. It often sounds quite spiritual, as people will say that these blessings are for us because we are to be the ones who should finance the spread of the gospel to the world, and that in seeing our many blessings, others will be drawn to Christ. But is this how the Bible describes prosperity and the spread of His kingdom?

Often, the Old Testament was the foreshadow of things to come. The physical things of old were pointers to the spiritual things of this present age. In the times of old, God’s Kingdom was a specific race of people and a measurable piece of land (See the covenant with Abraham in Genesis 15: 18-21). In the time since Christ, God’s Kingdom has become a spiritual army of people from all over the earth. The covenant of Abraham promises that all the nations of the earth would be blessed because of Abraham (See Genesis 12:1-3, 17:6, 18:18, 22:18, 26:4, 28:14). Ultimately, Jesus was the seed of Abraham who would be blessed, and we are blessed through Jesus! Galatians 3:16 says “Now to Abraham and his Seed were the promises made. He does not say, “And to seeds,” as of many, but as of one, “And to your Seed,” who is Christ.” (See Galatians 3: 13-18) Acts 3:25 says “You are sons of the prophets, and of the covenant which God made with our fathers, saying to Abraham, ‘And in your seed all the families of the earth shall be blessed.’

But what is this blessing? Galatians 3:14 above tells us:

That the blessing of Abraham might come upon the Gentiles in Christ Jesus, that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.

The blessing is everyone (Jew and Gentile) being able to receive the promise of the Spirit through faith. The blessing is our salvation! Galatians 3:7-9 confirms:

Therefore know that only those who are of faith are sons of Abraham. And the Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, preached the gospel to Abraham beforehand, saying, “In you all the nations shall be blessed.” So then those who are of faith are blessed with believing Abraham.

Our being saved by grace… our being in faith as Christians is the blessing of Abraham.

While Abraham looked towards a plot of land and a race of people who would represent God’s Kingdom, today, we are a spiritual kingdom made from all races of the earth.

So if accepting Christ makes us one of Abraham’s children, and if the blessing of Abraham is the opening of the gospel to all people through Jesus, then what does this salvation and blessing look like? What character traits describes Christians in regard to spiritual and material blessings? What is the Christlike example we should follow, and what should be our attitude, desires, and expectations towards material wealth?

Jesus said several things regarding money, as He spoke often on the topic. Matthew 6:19-21 says the following:

Do not lay up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moth and rust destroy and where thieves break in and steal; but lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust destroys and where thieves do not break in and steal. For where your treasure is, there your heart will be also.

In telling the parable of the unjust steward, Jesus says in Luke 16: 13

No servant can serve two masters; for either he will hate the one and love the other, or else he will be loyal to the one and despise the other. You cannot serve God and mammon.

In Luke 6:27-31 Jesus says

Give to everyone who asks of you. And from him who takes away your goods do not ask them back.

Luke 12:15-21 says

And He said to them, “Take heed and beware of covetousness, for one’s life does not consist in the abundance of the things he possesses.”  Then He spoke a parable to them, saying: “The ground of a certain rich man yielded plentifully. And he thought within himself, saying, ‘What shall I do, since I have no room to store my crops?’ So he said, ‘I will do this: I will pull down my barns and build greater, and there I will store all my crops and my goods. And I will say to my soul, “Soul, you have many goods laid up for many years; take your ease; eat, drink, and be merry.”’ But God said to him, ‘Fool! This night your soul will be required of you; then whose will those things be which you have provided?’ “So is he who lays up treasure for himself, and is not rich toward God.”

And  in Luke 12:32-34, Jesus says

Do not fear, little flock, for it is your Father’s good pleasure to give you the kingdom. Sell what you have and give alms; provide yourselves money bags which do not grow old, a treasure in the heavens that does not fail, where no thief approaches nor moth destroys. For where your treasure is, there your heart will be also.

Here, the “money bags which do not grow old” are immediately defined as “a treasure in the heavens that does not fail.”

In Mark 4:18-19, Jesus is explaining the parable of the seeds. In regard to the seeds sown among thorns, Jesus says

Now these are the ones sown among thorns; they are the ones who hear the word, and the cares of this world, the deceitfulness of riches, and the desires for other things entering in choke the word, and it becomes unfruitful.

In reviewing the above verses, it becomes clear that we need to be careful of our heart. Jesus said it was easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of Heaven (the “eye of the needle” phrase refers to a large camel loaded with goods entering a small door which was not big enough to accommodate the camel’s pack), but Jesus said that while this may be impossible with man, it was possible with God (see Matthew 19:16-26). However, it is far too easy to just say or assume that our heart is right and that we are not operating in greed or desire for money. We must remember that our heart is deceitful above all things and beyond cure; only God truly knows our heart (see Jeremiah 17:9-10).

And what about the other side. Did Jesus only speak with negative caution about the desire of money and having material blessings on earth? Several proponents of the belief that God desires that all Christians be materially wealthy rest their arguments on the teachings of Jesus. One such example is found in Matthew 6:33.

But seek first the kingdom of God and His righteousness, and all these things shall be added to you.

When read alone, this verse is easily taken out of context. The full passage of scripture reads:

No one can serve two masters; for either he will hate the one and love the other, or else he will be loyal to the one and despise the other. You cannot serve God and mammon. Therefore I say to you, do not worry about your life, what you will eat or what you will drink; nor about your body, what you will put on. Is not life more than food and the body more than clothing? Look at the birds of the air, for they neither sow nor reap nor gather into barns; yet your heavenly Father feeds them. Are you not of more value than they? Which of you by worrying can add one cubit to his stature?

So why do you worry about clothing? Consider the lilies of the field, how they grow: they neither toil nor spin; and yet I say to you that even Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed like one of these. Now if God so clothes the grass of the field, which today is, and tomorrow is thrown into the oven, will He not much more clothe you, O you of little faith?

Therefore do not worry, saying, ‘What shall we eat?’ or ‘What shall we drink?’ or ‘What shall we wear?’ For after all these things the Gentiles seek. For your heavenly Father knows that you need all these things. But seek first the kingdom of God and His righteousness, and all these things shall be added to you. Therefore do not worry about tomorrow, for tomorrow will worry about its own things. Sufficient for the day is its own trouble (Matthew 6:24-34).

A read of these verses makes it clear that God will indeed provide, and that we should not allow ourselves to be worried about His provision, but to say that these verses speak to riches as we think of riches is stretching the verses beyond their original intention. Another common phrase of Jesus used to show God’s “law of giving and return” is found in Luke 6, specifically Luke 6:38

Give, and it will be given to you: good measure, pressed down, shaken together, and running over will be put into your bosom. For with the same measure that you use, it will be measured back to you.

It is indeed true that if we give, we will receive in good measure, pressed down, shaken together, and running over. However, is this referring to material riches? A full examination of chapter six is needed. Specifically, look at Luke 6: 27-45. In reading these scriptures, we see that the “give and it will be given” passage is in the midst of a set of admonitions regarding how we treat others. Verse 38 must at least be read in light of verse 37

Judge not, and you shall not be judged. Condemn not, and you shall not be condemned. Forgive, and you will be forgiven. Give, and it will be given to you: good measure, pressed down, shaken together, and running over will be put into your bosom. For with the same measure that you use, it will be measured back to you.

What we are to give is the gift of not judging and not condemning. We are to give forgiveness, and if we do, we will receive abundant forgiveness in return. The very next verses Jesus speaks refer to the fact that we need abundant forgiveness, for we are blind, and not above our teacher (as we may suppose) and that compared to our brother with a speck in his eye, we have a plank in our own eye. “Give and it shall be given” refers to the Christlike attitude of mercy we should hold towards others for which we will receive abundant grace in return.

Matthew 25: 14-46 tells the parable of the talents and Jesus’ subsequent words regarding our actions to help others. While the fullness of these verses could never be covered in a single essay, they do offer relevant material for this discussion on the biblical idea of prosperity. As shown in the parable of the talents, not everyone has the same starting point (One was given 5 talents, one was given 2, and one was given 1). Some of us may have abundant wealth – received from the master, and others of us may have a smaller amount of wealth – received from the master. What showed success in the lives of the servants was whether or not they used the talents they were given. The third servant hid his talent, and even though he returned to the master all of what he was given, he was still considered a “wicked and lazy” servant. To him who has a lot, more will be given, but everyone is expected to wisely use what he has – whether a lot or a little. Also, we must notice that the talents were always the master’s talents and the gains made were given to the master. It is the same with us and Jesus – as He works through us, and we wisely invest our talents,  it is for the gain of His kingdom – not ours. Finally, even though the parable uses money as the example, we must consider the words of Jesus which immediately follow. Matthew 25:31-46 gives strong warning against poor treatment of others (by ignoring the needs of others). “…as you did [it] to one of the least of these My brethren, you did [it] to Me.” Jesus speaks of clothing the poor, feeding the hungry, visiting those who are sick, etc. Some of these actions will require our talents of finances, and others will require talents of compassion and mercy. We are to use our talents, whatever they are, to help others as we are able to do so.

Remember, the master in the parable  gave the same reward and compliment to the man who had been given five talents as the man who had been given two talents. They each worked wisely with what they had been given, and as they did, they were rewarded with greater opportunities. It was only inaction that was considered lazy and wicked.

In life, our needs will be met as we stand in faith in God’s provision. I would not deny that God enjoys for us to have nice things, as every good and perfect gift does come from the Father (See James 1:17). However, in studying the words of Jesus, it appears that beyond this provision, prosperity is in advancing the kingdom, which is more often a matter of our heart than a need for financial gain. While money is needful for provision in our society, there is no certain amount of money that is deemed needed to advance the kingdom of God. In Mark 12:41-44, the widow woman who put in 2 mites “put in more than all those who have given to the treasury.” This is not to say that money is not helpful. However, considering the words of Jesus, it does appear that in this life, money is not to be our goal, and material wealth is not a promise we can legitimately claim. Wealth and prosperity in the gospel is simple: Our needs will be met as our hearts seek to know God, become Christlike, and advance the Kingdom of God in the lives of those around us.

Having currently looked at Jesus’ words in regards to money, in the next entry on Prosperity, we will look at the rest of the New Testament’s teachings on the subject of our heart and material wealth.

Prosperity Part 2: NT Word Study, Job’s Friends, and the Abrahamic Covenant

There’s a lot of talk in the Church today regarding God’s promises of prosperity. Preachers full of promises make millions convincing others to sow a seed so that the giver can receive a hundredfold reward from God. Followers are convinced that it is God’s desire that we have everything we want, and that we can give our way to riches. Are ideologies like these an easy to follow solution to our money problems or are they misplaced hopes in a reward we are never promised in the first place?

God’s Word does say that God wants to bless us. This is found repeatedly in the Bible. God’s Word does say he wants us to prosper, even as our soul prospers (3 John 2). The Greek word for prosper here is the word εὐοδόω (euodoō). This word is only used four times in the New Testament and this word does mean “to prosper.” However, more clearly, it means “to grant a prosperous and expeditious journey, to lead by a direct and easy way.” It is the same word used in Romans 1:10 which says “Making request, if by any means now at length I might have a prosperous journey by the will of God to come unto you. (KJV)”

So while 3 John 2 does say that John’s prayer was for us to prosper, even as our soul prospers, we must realize that both words “prosper” are the same Greek word. Our selves and our souls are to prosper in the same fashion. So, better stated, it is John’s prayer that we would have a prosperous and expeditious journey in life, led by God in the ways of Jesus (remember, his yoke is easy: Matthew 11:30), just as our soul has been saved by God through Christ, and is on a journey that will ultimately see us in Heaven. While this does not deny any monetary or material blessing, it does not promise one, either.

The only other time this word is used in the New Testament does speak to material prosperity, and setting aside for God’s work a portion from what God has prospered someone with. However, there is nothing in the text which suggests a promise of any particular amount of blessing or abundance (See I Corinthians 16).

For a discussion on the Hebrew word for prosper and prosperous, please see the previous entry.

The Bible doesn’t limit its discussion of prosperity to these single Greek and Hebrew words, though. There are many passages that speak to God’s blessings that utilize other verbiage.

Common in our society is the idea that material prosperity is a sign of God’s favor. Some even say that prosperity is a sign of our faith and taking God at His word that blessings are ours. “If we only have faith,” we are told, “we can receive the blessings promised us.” Others say that if we are not being blessed, it must be because of some secret sin, or due to our lack of faith. This idea is not new, for even Job’s “friends” suggested that the calamity that befell him was due to some hidden sin (See Job 8:5-7 and 22:21-28 – notice how much these words of his “friends” sound like many preachers today!). Job’s friends did not speak for God, though, as the remainder of the book shows. Others have said that Job’s trials came because he feared, and wasn’t acting in faith (referring to his regularly offering sacrifices for his sons, in case they had done some unknown wrong). But what does the Word itself say on this subject? Job 1:1 and 1:8 say “There was a man in the land of Uz, whose name was Job; and that man was blameless and upright, and one who feared God and shunned evil…8 Then the LORD said to Satan, “Have you considered My servant Job, that there is none like him on the earth, a blameless and upright man, one who fears God and shuns evil?”” The Word, God speaking even, says Job was a blameless and upright man. This is quite the opposite of saying he was a fearful man who lacked faith, and thus opened the door to the devil. Yes, Job was blessed, before and after the months of extreme testing, but the time of testing was permitted, and it wasn’t because Job had lost faith or favor with the Lord.

In looking through the Bible, there are many examples of men whom God blessed with abundant riches. Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob all had excessive wealth. But Hebrews 11:24-26 says that “Moses, when he became of age, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh’s daughter, choosing rather to suffer affliction with the people of God than to enjoy the passing pleasures of sin, esteeming the reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures in Egypt; for he looked to the reward.” God provided for Moses’ every need, but had Moses turn down the rich life he was naturally eligible for as a member of Pharaoh’s household.

We also must consider Elijah and Elisha. While God did provide for their needs, they by no means appear to have been overly wealthy by anyone’s material measures. Elisha probably came from a well to do home, but still was in a position where food and a place to stay provided by others appeared beneficial to him (See 2 Kings 4). Elijah went through times where he had to be fed by ravens and depend on a widow woman for sustenance (See 1 Kings 17). Did God provide for their need? Absolutely! Did God give them wealth as we would consider wealth today? The Biblical evidence suggests… no.

In the Bible there is a mix of people from a variety of economic backgrounds who were faithful and served God. In all cases, God provides for need, but for more than that, it is difficult to stand on a “for everyone” example that we can legitimately apply to our lives. This does not mean that people don’t attempt to make such applications. There are common Bible passages and scriptures which are misappropriated by some regarding material wealth being promised for God’s children today. Sadly, in misapplying these promises to material wealth, the true, greater spiritual significance is sometimes missed.

The Abrahamic Covenant is commonly pointed to as the source of promise for spiritual and material blessings for believers today. I have regularly heard it taught that if we have faith, then the blessings of Abraham can be ours – for we are all children of Abraham. Faith is stated to be the “key” to unlocking these blessings. But is this really a covenant of faith in the sense being taught?

Genesis 15 tells the story of the covenant God made with Abram (Abraham). The promise was to give to Abram and his descendents the land mentioned, and that Abram would have an heir from his own body (a son), as he and his wife were childless at that point. Further, the promise of God says that Abram’s heirs would multiply and be numberless, just as the stars are numberless. Abram did believe God when God showed him the stars, explaining that his seed would multiply, and that was accounted to Abram as righteousness. But as it happens with many of us, he did later waiver, as seen in he and Sarai’s actions with Hagar. But nowhere was Abram told to claim any promise by faith in order that it come to pass. In fact, the promise was absolute; it was not conditional on any action of Abram. If it were, it would have failed, as Abram and Sarai (Sarah) proved their later lack of faith by trying to make the promise come to pass in their own strength. Like many humans do, they tried to make God’s Word come to pass by their own actions. Their plans failed miserably. A read of the scripture shows that Abram was asleep when the actual covenant was made. God was the one – the only one – who passed between the two halves of the animals. It was all on God. It is the same with Christ, who passed between God and us, sealing our redemption and reconciliation to God. All we have to do is believe, and the covenant will come to pass – we will be saved. We may even at times waiver as Abram and Sarai did, but just as it was with them, it is with us – the fulfillment of the promise is on God.

The covenant with Abram was to make from him – from his seed – a nation of God’s people. We are “children of Abraham” in that we are also born into the race of the Kingdom of God through salvation. That’s all it is – a promise of salvation. A promise of God making Himself a nation of believers. It has been established in the preceding paragraph that it was not a promise that required “enough” faith to make it come to pass. When the sun went down and Abram was asleep, Genesis 15: 12 says that “a deep sleep fell upon Abram; and behold, horror and great darkness fell upon him.” This represents us, lost in darkness, asleep in the horror of our being lost. While in that condition, God made the covenant, wholly of Himself, to make of Abram a great nation for God. Abram had simply believed God’s word that the promise was true – that simple belief was counted to him as righteousness. We, like Abram at the time God provided the covenant are in darkness, asleep in our own horror of being lost without Christ, and we, like Abram, simply have to believe that Christ, wholly of Himself, made a covenant whereby we could be saved. This is indeed a marvelous promise and foreshadow of what was to come through Christ.

The covenant is absolute – to Abram who believed, and to all of us who believe. Even when Abram laughed in his heart when God reminded Abram of the covenant He would bring to pass in Genesis 17, the covenant was still absolute, wholly founded in God. It was not a covenant of faith, as we sometimes teach faith today. It was a covenant that came to pass despite Abram’s laughing, and misplaced actions to make it come to pass in his own methods. God only appears to have required Abram’s initial belief in the promise, and not a continuous, exercised, proclamation of faith in God’s absolute promise.  And with this simple truth, we can also say it was not a covenant of abundant material riches, because if it were, as some propose, it would still be wholly founded in God, and even those who laugh in their hearts saying “how shall I, a poor nothing be rich and prosperous” would be rich and prosperous because of the covenant. But this is not the case of this covenant, for it is a covenant of salvation – of making a nation for God.

I find it interesting, and we should find it load lightening that despite Abraham’s obvious attempts to procure God’s plan via his own means, and his and Sarah’s obvious lacking of faith at times, that Hebrews 11 states that things did occur for them “by faith.” Eventually, after some initial wavering and realizing their human methods were not producing success, they came to be fully assured that what [God] had promised, He was able also to perform” (Rom 4:21). Also remember that the righteousness granted to Abram was based on his initial belief in God’s Word before the covenant and previous to his laughing at the idea of the promise and attempts to make it come to pass on his own. Too many people have made faith into a military discipline that can not be slacked on without the grave consequences of failure to obtain. But the Bible seems to speak of faith as being God provided to all of His fallible servants, in correct measure, and that this faith can work despite our occasional doubts (see Romans 4 in light of Genesis 15-17; Romans 12:3; and Hebrews 11). This is not to lighten the importance of faith. We just need to realize that faith is from God, delivered to us by His Word (See Romans 10:17), for the purpose of His Word, and it is not something we can mold to do our bidding.

Finally, the prosperity of God’s making for Himself a nation from the seed of Abraham is not only valid for his biological seed, but because of Christ, is valid for all peoples – both Jew and Gentile. Galatians 3:14 confirms “that the blessing of Abraham might come upon the Gentiles in Christ Jesus, that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.” The blessing is the promise of the Spirit through faith, which is salvation available to all mankind who chooses to believe. This is prosperity indeed.

Click here for part 3.

Prosperity Part 1: OT Word Study

A lot is said these days about God wanting us to prosper. The prosperity bestowed upon servants of God is one of the great truths of the Bible. However, how God defines prosperity and how Western civilized churchgoers define prosperity often differs markedly, and this difference leads to confusion and disappointment among those who don’t see man’s version of prosperity playing out in their lives.

The Hebrew word often translated “prosperity” is tsalach. This word means to go over or through (as a river); to attack, to fall upon (used of the Spirit or God falling upon a man); to go on well, to prosper, to succeed; to flourish (as in a plant); to make successful, to prosper; to accomplish prosperously, to finish well; flow, to be poured out as water. This word is translated in the King James as prosper (44 times), come (6), prosperous (5), come mightily (2), effected (1), good (1), meet (1), break out (1), and went over (1).

To get a better understanding of the biblical use of the word, let’s look at it in context.

The first use of the word is in Genesis 24: 21, 40, 42 and 56. Here, Abraham’s servant is prosperous in his journey to find a wife for Abraham’s son. The prosperity speaks to his success in his journey.

The next use of the word is in regards to Joseph, who prospered in the house of his master, Potiphar (See Genesis 39: 2, 3 and 23). Joseph, even though he was a slave, was given responsibility and position because of the prosperity in everything  he did. His prosperity was a blessing to his Egyptian masters, as well as to himself.

One of the more famous verses is Joshua 1:8

This Book of the Law shall not depart out of your mouth, but you shall meditate on it day and night, that you may observe and do according to all that is written in it. For then you shall make your way prosperous, and then you shall deal wisely and have good success.

Judges 14:6 and 19 speak to the Spirit of God coming on someone giving him strength in battle (against both a lion and men).

Judges 18:5 again speaks to a successful journey, and as seen by Judges 18:6, was successful in that it was a peaceful journey under the protective eye of the Lord.

1 Samuel 10:6 uses the word to speak to the Spirit of God coming on Saul to empower him (turned into another man).

2 Chronicles 26:5 says of Uzziah, “and as long as he sought the LORD, God made him prosper.” The same is said of Hezekiah (See 2 Chronicles 31: 20-21). Psalms 1:1-3 confirms this for everyone who keeps himself in God.

However, prosperity is not always associated with those who wait on God. In Psalm 37:7, we are reminded to not fret because of him who prospers in his wicked ways. Also see Jeremiah 5:28, and 12:1.

Psalm 118 speaks of Jesus as being the answer to the prayer “Save now, I pray, O LORD; O LORD, I pray, send now prosperity” (See Psalm 118: 25 and surrounding verses).

Proverbs 28:13 juxtaposes lack of prosperity for hiding one’s sins with mercy for confessing and forsaking them. Here, prosperity is seen as the mercy of God forgiving us of our sins.

Another commonly quoted verse which uses the word tsalach is Isaiah 54:17

No weapon formed against you shall prosper,
And every tongue which rises against you in judgment
You shall condemn.
This is the heritage of the servants of the LORD,
And their righteousness is from Me,”
Says the LORD.

Here again, prosper refers to success in a mission. While the enemy’s weapon will not prosper in its mission against us (the mission is slander, as seen in the next line), I pray we would all prosper in advancing the mission of the gospel (Our mission of speaking forth the good news of Christ).

Similarly, God says His word will prosper in Isaiah 55:11

So shall My word be that goes forth from My mouth;
It shall not return to Me void,
But it shall accomplish what I please,
And it shall prosper in the thing for which I sent it.

Jesus is the Word of God made flesh (See John 1). Jesus came to seek and save those who were lost (See Luke 19:10). God’s word of salvation will prosper!

If you place your confidence in anyone or anything but the one and only God, you will not prosper in your misplaced confidence (See Jeremiah 2: 37).

From the many verses above, we see how God uses the word tsalach. From these examples, we can surmise that in our life’s journey, as we place our trust in Him, we will be successful in moving forward in God’s mission for us – and that mission is to bring the message of forgiveness of sins, and salvation to those who are lost. The Spirit of God will prosper in making us who He needs us to be for His purpose. Others may appear to have worldly success, but we are to pay them no heed. Others may try to speak against us, but their words will prove to be false. We are God’s servants, and the mercy of God will prosper in covering our sins as we confess them and continue forward in growing fruitful as we meditate day and night on God’s Word.

For the New Testament word for prosper, please see the next entry.