I wasn't looking for this chart, but when I came across it, I thought I would use it in writing a post about how Jehovah of the First Testament is Jesus of the New Testament. I have been involved in an ongoing email discussion with a friend regarding the deity of Jesus and this post seems fitting as I have recently been seeking the scriptures decidedly regarding this topic. While I have never doubted the deity of Jesus, the email exchange with my friend has added fuel to my understanding that salvation rests fully upon the divinity of Jesus, and without the deity of Christ, salvation would not be possible.
Going around the wheel, starting at the 1PM and 7PM positions, with a few additional verses added. All scriptures are from the ESV.
God is Lord of lords and God of gods.
Psalm 136:1-3 - Give thanks to the Lord, for he is good, for his steadfast love endures forever. Give thanks to the God of gods, for his steadfast love endures forever. Give thanks to the Lord of lords, for his steadfast love endures forever;
Deuteronomy 10:17 - For the Lord your God is God of gods and Lord of lords, the great, the mighty, and the awesome God, who is not partial and takes no bribe.
Jesus is Lord of lords and King of kings.
Revelation 17:14 - They will make war on the Lamb, and the Lamb will conquer them, for he is Lord of lords and King of kings, and those with him are called and chosen and faithful.
Revelation 19:16 - On his robe and on his thigh he has a name written, King of kings and Lord of lords.
1 Timothy 6:14-16 - to keep the commandment unstained and free from reproach until the appearing of our Lord Jesus Christ, which he will display at the proper time--he who is the blessed and only Sovereign, the King of kings and Lord of lords, who alone has immortality, who dwells in unapproachable light, whom no one has ever seen or can see. To him be honor and eternal dominion. Amen.
God is the Creator
Job 33:4 - The Spirit of God has made me, and the breath of the Almighty gives me life.
Isaiah 40:28 - Have you not known? Have you not heard? The LORD is the everlasting God, the Creator of the ends of the earth. He does not faint or grow weary; his understanding is unsearchable.
Genesis 1:1 - In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth.
Psalm 33:6 - By the word of the Lord the heavens were made, and by the breath of his mouth all their host.
Psalm 102:25 - Of old you laid the foundation of the earth, and the heavens are the work of your hands. (Here the psalmist is clearly speaking of God - See 102:24Psalm 102:24-25 (ESV)
“O my God,” I say, “take me not away in the midst of my days— you whose years endure throughout all generations!” Of old you laid the foundation of the earth, and the heavens are the work of your hands. )
Isaiah 45:18 - For thus says the Lord, who created the heavens (he is God!), who formed the earth and made it (he established it; he did not create it empty, he formed it to be inhabited!): “I am the Lord, and there is no other."
Isaiah 48:13 - My hand laid the foundation of the earth, and my right hand spread out the heavens; when I call to them, they stand forth together.
Jeremiah 32:17 - Ah, Lord God! It is you who have made the heavens and the earth by your great power and by your outstretched arm! Nothing is too hard for you.
Nehemiah 9:6 - You are the Lord, you alone. You have made heaven, the heaven of heavens, with all their host, the earth and all that is on it, the seas and all that is in them; and you preserve all of them; and the host of heaven worships you.
Jesus is the Creator
John 1:3 - All things were made through him, and without him was not any thing made that was made.
Colossians 1:15-17 - He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all creation. For by him all things were created, in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities--all things were created through him and for him. And he is before all things, and in him all things hold together.
Hebrews 1:10 - And, "You, Lord, laid the foundation of the earth in the beginning, and the heavens are the work of your hands; (Here, the author of Hebrews is clearly speaking of Jesus - see verse 8Hebrews 1:8 (ESV)
But of the Son he says, “Your throne, O God, is forever and ever, the scepter of uprightness is the scepter of your kingdom. )
God is Light
Micah 7:8 - Rejoice not over me, O my enemy; when I fall, I shall rise; when I sit in darkness, the Lord will be a light to me.
Isaiah 60:20 - Your sun shall no more go down, nor your moon withdraw itself; for the Lord will be your everlasting light, and your days of mourning shall be ended.
Psalm 27:1 - The LORD is my light and my salvation; whom shall I fear? The Lord is the stronghold of my life; of whom shall I be afraid?
Jesus is Light
John 8:12 - Again Jesus spoke to them, saying, "I am the light of the world. Whoever follows me will not walk in darkness, but will have the light of life."
John 1:9 - The true light, which gives light to everyone, was coming into the world.
Luke 2:32 - a light for revelation to the Gentiles, and for glory to your people Israel.
God is Judge
Genesis 18:25 - Far be it from you to do such a thing, to put the righteous to death with the wicked, so that the righteous fare as the wicked! Far be that from you! Shall not the Judge of all the earth do what is just?"
Joel 3:12 - Let the nations stir themselves up and come up to the Valley of Jehoshaphat; for there I will sit to judge all the surrounding nations.
Isaiah 33:22 - For the Lord is our judge; the Lord is our lawgiver; the Lord is our king; he will save us
Psalm 50:6 - The heavens declare his righteousness, for God himself is judge! Selah
Psalm 96:10,13 - Say among the nations, “The Lord reigns! Yes, the world is established; it shall never be moved; he will judge the peoples with equity." ... before the Lord, for he comes, for he comes to judge the earth. He will judge the world in righteousness, and the peoples in his faithfulness.
Jesus is Judge
2 Timothy 4:1 - I charge you in the presence of God and of Christ Jesus, who is to judge the living and the dead, and by his appearing and his kingdom:
2 Corinthians 5:10 - For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, so that each one may receive what is due for what he has done in the body, whether good or evil.
Romans 14:10 - Why do you pass judgment on your brother? Or you, why do you despise your brother? For we will all stand before the judgment seat of God;
Matthew 25:31-32 - When the Son of man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, then he will sit down on his glorious throne. All the nations will be gathered before him, and he will separate people one from another, just as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats.
2 Corinthians 5:10 - For we must all appear before the judgment seat of the Christ, so that each one may be repaid according to the things he has practiced while in the body, whether good or bad.
God is Savior
Psalm 37:39 - The salvation of the righteous is from the Lord; he is their stronghold in the time of trouble.
Psalm 106:21 - They forgot God, their Savior, who had done great things in Egypt,
Hosea 13:4 - But I am the Lord your God from the land of Egypt; you know no God but me, and besides me there is no savior. (This shows that Jesus can not be a different savior - He has to be the same God who is the only savior).
Isaiah 45:21 - Declare and present your case; let them take counsel together! Who told this long ago? Who declared it of old? Was it not I, the Lord? And there is no other god besides me, a righteous God and a Savior; there is none besides me.
Isaiah 43: 3,11 - For I am the Lord your God, the Holy One of Israel, your Savior. I give Egypt as your ransom, Cush and Seba in exchange for you. ... I, I am the Lord, and besides me there is no savior.
Isaiah 45:15,17 - Truly, you are a God who hides himself, O God of Israel, the Savior. ... But Israel is saved by the Lord with everlasting salvation; you shall not be put to shame or confounded to all eternity.
Jesus is Savior
Acts 2:21 - And it shall come to pass that everyone who calls upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.
Acts 4:12 - And there is salvation in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven given among men by which we must be saved. (If there is salvation in no one but Jesus and if there is no Savior besides God, they must be the same)
Romans 10:9 - because, if you confess with your mouth that Jesus is Lord and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved.
Jude 25 - to the only God, our Savior, through Jesus Christ our Lord, be glory, majesty, dominion, and authority, before all time and now and forever. Amen.
God is our Rock
Exodus 17:6 - "...Behold, I will stand before you there on the rock at Horeb, and you shall strike the rock, and water shall come out of it, and the people will drink." And Moses did so, in the sight of the elders of Israel.
Isaiah 17:10 - For you have forgotten the God of your salvation and have not remembered the Rock of your refuge; therefore, though you plant pleasant plants and sow the vine-branch of a stranger,
2 Samuel 22:32 - For who is God, but the Lord? And who is a rock, except our God?
Deuteronomy 32:4 - The Rock, his work is perfect, for all his ways are justice. A God of faithfulness and without iniquity, just and upright is he.
Jesus is our Rock
1 Corinthians 10:4 - and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they drank from the spiritual Rock that followed them, and the Rock was Christ.
Isaiah 8:14 - And he will become a sanctuary and a stone of offense and a rock of stumbling to both houses of Israel, a trap and a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem.
1 Peter 2:6 - For it stands in Scripture: "Behold, I am laying in Zion a stone, a cornerstone chosen and precious, and whoever believes in him will not be put to shame."
God is the First and the Last
Isaiah 44:6 - Thus says the Lord, the King of Israel and his Redeemer, the Lord of hosts: "I am the first and I am the last; besides me there is no god.
Isaiah 48:12 - Listen to me, O Jacob, and Israel, whom I called! I am he; I am the first, and I am the last.
Isaiah 41:4 - Who has performed and done this, calling the generations from the beginning? I, the Lord, the first, and with the last; I am he.
Jesus is the First and the Last
Revelation 1:17 - When I saw him, I fell at his feet as though dead. But he laid his right hand on me, saying, "Fear not, I am the first and the last..."
Revelation 2:8 - And to the angel of the church in Smyrna write: 'The words of the first and the last, who died and came to life.
Revelation 22:13 - I am the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and the end.
God is the great I AM
Isaiah 43:10 - "You are my witnesses," declares the Lord, "and my servant whom I have chosen, that you may know and believe me and understand that I am he. Before me no god was formed, nor shall there be any after me.
Deuteronomy 32:39 - See now that I, even I, am he, and there is no god beside me; I kill and I make alive; I wound and I heal; and there is none that can deliver out of my hand.
Exodus 3:13-14 - Then Moses said to God, "If I come to the people of Israel and say to them, 'The God of your fathers has sent me to you,' and they ask me, 'What is his name?' what shall I say to them?" God said to Moses, "I AM WHO I AM." And he said, "Say this to the people of Israel, 'I AM has sent me to you.'"
Jesus is the great I AM
John 8:24 - I told you that you would die in your sins, for unless you believe that I am he you will die in your sins."
John 8:58 - Jesus said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, before Abraham was, I am.”
John 13:19 - I am telling you this now, before it takes place, that when it does take place you may believe that I am he.
John 18:5 - They answered him, "Jesus of Nazareth." Jesus said to them, "I am he." Judas, who betrayed him, was standing with them.
God is God
Genesis 18:1,14 - And the Lord appeared to him by the oaks of Mamre, as he sat at the door of his tent in the heat of the day... Is anything too hard for the Lord? At the appointed time I will return to you, about this time next year, and Sarah shall have a son.”
Isaiah 44:24 - Thus says the Lord, your Redeemer, who formed you from the womb: “I am the Lord, who made all things, who alone stretched out the heavens, who spread out the earth by myself,
Isaiah 45:22 - “Turn to me and be saved, all the ends of the earth! For I am God, and there is no other.
Isaiah 43:10-11 - “You are my witnesses,” declares the Lord, “and my servant whom I have chosen, that you may know and believe me and understand that I am he. Before me no god was formed, nor shall there be any after me. I, I am the Lord, and besides me there is no savior.
Jeremiah 32:18 - You show steadfast love to thousands, but you repay the guilt of fathers to their children after them, O great and mighty God, whose name is the Lord of hosts,
Jeremiah 23:6 - In his days Judah will be saved, and Israel will dwell securely. And this is the name by which he will be called: ‘The Lord is our righteousness.’
Jesus is God
Isaiah 9:6 - For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder, and his name shall be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.
John 1:1-3 - In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things were made through him, and without him was not any thing made that was made.
1 John 5:20 - And we know that the Son of God has come and has given us understanding, so that we may know him who is true; and we are in him who is true, in his Son Jesus Christ. He is the true God and eternal life.
John 20:28 - Thomas answered him, “My Lord and my God
Philippians 2:10 - so that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on earth and under the earth,
Titus 2:13 - waiting for our blessed hope, the appearing of the glory of our great God and Savior Jesus Christ,
Hebrew 1:8 - But of the Son he says, “Your throne, O God, is forever and ever, the scepter of uprightness is the scepter of your kingdom..."
2 Peter 1:1 - Simeon Peter, a servant and apostle of Jesus Christ, To those who have obtained a faith of equal standing with ours by the righteousness of our God and Savior Jesus Christ
Addendum (1/16/2018): I came across this in a different study and thought it appropriate to stick here, as this post is discussing the deity of Jesus. In discussing the word "Godhead" from the King James, from the book, Putting Jesus in His Place: The Case for the Deity of Christ, by Robert M. Bowman Jr. and J. Ed Komoszewski, on page 76 we find:
Paul wrote, "For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily" (Colossians 2:9). The word translated 'deity' (theotēs - Godhead in the King James) means “the nature or state of being God.” The King James Version translates the word as “Godhead,” which was accurate in the English of Shakespeare’s day but is somewhat misleading today. Many people use the term “the Godhead” to refer to the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit considered collectively. The suffix –head in English, however, usually meant status, state, or nature, and in modern English has been largely displaced by –hood (e.g., bachelorhood is the status or state of being a bachelor; womanhood is the status, state, or nature of being a woman). Thus, the equivalent word for “Godhead” today would be Godhood—and this word is about as exact a translation of theotēs as one could want.
Just in case someone might misconstrue "deity" here as meaning the nature or state of being a god - as though Christ were simply one of a group of deities or gods - Paul states that "the fullness of deity" dwells in Christ. The use of the word "fullness" makes it explicit that nothing of deity is missing in Christ."